The government intends to develop road, rail,
mass transportation, urban infrastructure,
power and water supply projects in the 12th
Plan period. A majority of the projects are proposed
to be implemented through the SPV
route. Public-private participation will be
increasingly used. Thus, the government's
Plan Fund for infrastructure development in
the 12th Plan will be brought down and leveraged.
The allocation envisaged in the 12th Plan
period is around
15,000 crore for areas that
include power, roads and bridges, ports, IT,
tourism infrastructure etc.
Total remittances from non-resident Keralites
abroad in 2011 is estimated at
50,000 crore compared to 43,288 crore in
2008. However, this huge amount has not
been put to use in infrastructure development.
The government is keen to offer investment
opportunities for NRKs and their increased
participation in the economic activity of the
state will be ensured. In a large number of
mega infrastructure projects planned in the
state, like the high-speed rail corridor, new
international airports and expansion of existing
ones, development of minor ports, gas based
power projects, the National Investment
and Manufacturing Zone, the Petroleum,
Chemicals and Petrochemical Investment
Region, metro rail and mono rail projects. NRI
participation will be sought. By developing
these mega projects, the government is hoping
to channelise a large portion of NRI remittance
for productive investment in the state.
For planned economic growth, your government
intends to use public funds as a
catalyst for attracting large private investment,
especially in building public infrastructure.
In order to achieve economic growth, vital
projects are planned in the basic infrastructure,
power, airport, seaport, industrial infrastructure
and other important sectors. The government
will set up an SPV with its own contribution
to initiate development of the projects
and thereafter attract private investment at an
Do you see more infrastructure projects
being taken up in PPP mode?
Yes. The government has set up an agenda for
the development of the state and PPP will be
encouraged in the infrastructure sector.
Can you tell us about the high-speed rail
corridor project which was recently
approved by the central government?
For implementing the high-speed rail corridor,
an SPV viz. Kerala High Speed Rail Corporation
Ltd has been incorporated. The high-speed
rail corridor will be developed between Thiruvananthapuram
and Mangalapuram. By
engaging DMRC, a pre-feasibility report has
already been prepared. Nine stations are proposed
inside Kerala. Work for preparation of a
DPR is underway. Also, steps have been initiated
to identify low-cost funding for the mega
This will be the first high-speed rail project in
India and it will create large opportunities for
employment and economic growth.
Do you have a road map for the development
of transportation infrastructure?
Yes. Steps will be taken for developing road and
rail network and water transport system in the
state. For important cities, mass transportation
schemes, such as metro rail and monorail, will
be implemented. Various road development
schemes will also be taken up on priority.
Kerala still faces peak electricity shortage
of -4.3 per cent (-142 MW). How does the
state intend to overcome power shortage and
provide electricity to all citizens, especially in
The government has prepared a plan to double
the power generation in the 12th Plan period.
Natural gas infrastructure comprising an LNG
terminal and gas pipeline network is under
implementation in the state. Gas-based power
plants will be encouraged in the private sector
as well as in the joint sector for reducing the
The government will also encourage non-conventional
energy sources like windmills and
solar power. Generation of power using petroleum
coke to be produced by BPCL Kochi Refinery
will also be encouraged.
Using the above methods and also by improving
energy conservation methods, the power
shortage in the state will be addressed. The Centre and Kerala government
are jointly planning
to invest 500 crore to boost
tourism in the state.
Kerala has been doing very well
in the tourism sector. Tourism
infrastructure will be improved
under the Vision Tourism 2025.
MICE tourism will be encouraged.
Infrastructure support by
way of road, room stock availability,
operation of seaplanes etc., will
According to 2011 census,
nearly 48 per cent of Kerala's
population now lives in urban
areas. Tell us the government initiatives
in urban infrastructure
and affordable housing.
The government intends to facilitate
urban infrastructure by
implementing mass transportation
projects. Urban waste management
schemes will be implemented
with increased participation
of the public. The government
is keen to implement affordable
housing schemes in urban
Land acquisition for infrastructure
projects is a major
issue across India. How are you
tackling this problem in Kerala?
Kerala has framed a rehabilitation
package while taking up land
acquisition for mega projects.
Adequate rehabilitation measures
will be ensured while acquiring
land from the landowners. The
possibility of making landowners
as stakeholders in the project will
also be explored.
What is your long-term
vision for the economic,
industrial and infrastructure
development of Kerala?
The long-term vision for Kerala's
development is positive. The
socioeconomic advancement of
the state will facilitate the industrial
and infrastructure development
envisaged in the state.
Increased number of projects
will be implemented with PPP.
The full support of NRIs will be
ensured to go ahead with the
state's industrial and infrastructure