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Public sector enterprises, namely Steel Authority of India Ltd, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Ltd and NMDC Ltd, are currently undertaking expansion of crude and finished steel capacities both brownfield and greenfield. SAIL and RINL are modernising and expanding their plants aimed at increasing capacities to 23.1 million tpa and 7.3 million tpa, respectively, by 2016-2017.

NMDC Ltd is constructing a 3-million tpa greenfield integrated steel plant at Nagarnar in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh. The project is in construction stage.

At eight, SAIL has the maximum number of steel plants. It has undertaken the modernisation and expansion of its five integrated steel plants at Bhilai (Chhattisgarh), Bokaro (Jharkhand), Rourkela (Odisha), Durgapur (West Bengal) and Burnpur (West Bengal), and a special steel plant at Salem (Tamil Nadu) to enhance its crude steel production capacity from 12.84 million tpa to 21.4 million tpa in the current phase.
So far, SAIL has completed three expansion projects, at Rourkela in Odisha, Salem in Tamil Nadu and IISCO in West Bengal.

The indicative investment for the current phase of modernisation and expansion is Rs.61,870 crore. Besides, a provision of Rs.10,264 crore has been made towards investment in existing mines.

Besides, 29 private sector steel projects of 1 million tpa capacity and above are in various stages of implementation.


State No. of Projects Name of Project PSU Status
Chhattisgarh 2 Integrated steel plant at Nagarnar NMDC Ongoing
Expansion of Bhilai Steel Plant SAIL Ongoing
Jharkhand 1 Expansion of Bokaro Steel Plant SAIL Ongoing
West Bengal 2 Expansion of Durgapur Steel Plant SAIL Ongoing
Expansion of IISCO Steel Plant SAIL Completed
Odisha 1 Expansion of Rourkela Steel Plant SAIL Completed
Tamil Nadu 1 Expansion of Salem Steel Plant SAIL Completed
Andhra Pradesh 1 Expansion of liquid steel capacity from 3 million tpa to 6.3 million tpa RINL Ongoing

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