The Government of India is upgrading and constructing nearly 50,000 km of rural roads under phase-II of the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana-II during the 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-2017). The entire phase will stretch over 16 years and is estimated to cost Rs.47,000 crore.
While PMGSY–II is aimed at improving the overall efficiency of the existing rural road network, it will by and large upgrade only selected rural roads based on their economic potential and to what extent they can facilitate growth of rural market centres and rural hubs. The scheme will primarily help states like Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Punjab and Rajasthan which have not benefited from the Yojana so far. The government had allocated Rs.21,700 crore towards PMGSY in Budget 2013-14.

The central government is already sanctioning funds for rural road projects under PMGSY-II. Last week, the government sanctioned around Rs.489 crore to Maharashtra for improving 829 km of rural roads. The districts of Solapur (126 km), Pune (88 km), Latur (71 km) and Osmanabad (53 km) are the largest beneficiaries.

PMGSY Road_ProjectsMonitorRural Development Minister Jairam Ramesh wrote to Maharashtra Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan stating that Batch II of the state’s proposal under PMGSY-II, for 227 roads spanning 1,550 km, would be taken up during the next meeting of the Empowered Committee scheduled to be held on January 7, 2014.

Interestingly, Maharashtra has received little central assistance under PMGSY compared to other states on the pretext that road connectivity in the state was satisfactory. However, Chavan pursued the issue of central funding for rural roads in Maharashtra. Following this, the Ministry of Rural Development introduced PMGSY-II to enable states like Maharashtra to improve their existing rural road network. The state is expected to construct and upgrade a total 2,600 km of rural roads under this phase of the project.

The government hopes to complete PMGSY-II over a period of 16 years or until year 2027-28. This would include upgradation (year 1), five-year maintenance (years 2 to 6), renewal (year 7) and another five-year maintenance (years 8 to 12) totalling a 12-year cycle for Batch-I. It is proposed to divide the project into five batches, commencing in years 1 to 5 and completing in years 12 to 16.

STATE-WISE UPGRADATION TARGET UNDER PMGSY-II
No.
State
Amount (` Cr.)
1.
Andhra Pradesh
2,285
2.
Arunachal Pradesh
550
3.
Assam
1,730
4.
Bihar
2,465
5.
Chhattisgarh
2,245
6.
Goa
25
7.
Gujarat
1,205
8.
Haryana
1,000
9.
Himachal Pradesh
1,250
10.
Jammu & Kashmir
780
11.
Jharkhand
1,650
12.
Karnataka
2,245
13.
Kerala
570
14.
Madhya Pradesh
4,945
15.
Maharashtra
2,620
16.
Manipur
325
17.
Meghalaya
490
18.
Mizoram
195
19.
Nagaland
225
20.
Odisha
3,760
21.
Punjab
1,345
22.
Rajasthan
3,465
23.
Sikkim
115
24.
Tamil Nadu
2,950
25.
Tripura
310
26.
Uttarakhand
915
27.
Uttar Pradesh
7,575
28.
West Bengal
2,515
Total:

49,750

While Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, launched in 2000, is a 100 per cent centrally funded programme, PMGSY-II is on cost sharing basis between the central and state governments in the ratio of 75:25. Central funding is to the tune of 90 per cent for special category states.

At present, the number of eligible unconnected habitations is approximately 1.79 lakh. Till May 31, 2013, the Centre had sanctioned projects that would benefit around 1.32 lakh eligible habitations. The total cost of these sanctioned projects, including those for upgradation of roads, is approximately Rs.1.5 lakh crore. Of this, around Rs.1.04 lakh crore has been released to various states and union territories. The states had upgraded 3.8 lakh km of roads till May 2013.

PHYSICAL PROGRESS UNDER PMGSY AS OF DECEMBER 30, 2013
Road Works Sanctioned
New Connectivity
Upgradation
No.
State
Nos.
Length (Km)
Nos.
Length (Km)
1. Andhra Pradesh
162
456.76
2. Arunachal Pradesh
43
696.779
2
27
3. Assam
202
499.569
4. Bihar
2367
5,517.466
1
0.804
5. Chhattisgarh
130
425.39
2
3.67
6. Gujarat
50
106.285
869
2.696.699
7. Jharkhand
19
56.075
8. Kerala
0
0
310
725.867
9. Meghalaya
75
267.202
10. Maharashtra
14
138.55
91
499.472
11. Manipur
126
1,059.12
63
212.135
12. Odisha
304
1,066.15
13. Punjab
0
0
46
455.24
14. Rajasthan
571
1,714.965
15. Sikkim
40
177.486
16. Tripura
209
643.079
51
463.522
17. Uttarakhand
82
674.85
18. West Bengal
467
1,636.511
130
930.087
Total
4,861
15,136.24
1,565
6,014.496

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